Medications For Blood Pressure
Medications For Blood Pressure – Are You At Risk?
It is of interest for hypertensive people to know the various medications for blood pressure that exceeds the range of normal blood pressure. Yearly, about 350,000 adult Americans die of high blood pressure, and an estimated 28 percent or almost a third of the American population suffer from hypertension.
Researches that have been exploring the different medications for blood pressure have offered hope to the hypertensive individual to renew their claim on life. Several of these medications have been part of nature; others are products and wonders of the advancement of science and technology.
High blood pressure or hypertension (also otherwise known as the “silent killer” because it can cause death without any perceptible symptoms), is diagnosed by using a sphygmomanometer, which consists of a blood pressure cuff strapped around the arm near the brachial artery. The readings for blood pressure must consistently show a systolic and diastolic reading greater than 140 over 90 mmHg, respectively.
Physicians recommend a regular blood pressure check up of at least once every two years for people over the age of 18 to ensure that hypertension is prevented at an early stage. The regularity is increased as one gets older.
Medications For Blood Pressure – Types Of Medications
Once hypertension is diagnosed, however, several medications for blood pressure can be utilized to pre-empt more serious complications arising from an unhealthy cardiovascular system. Many of these medications for blood pressure are natural treatments such as lifestyle changes: healthy diet, sufficient amount of sleep, increased physical activity and quitting of vices such as smoking and drinking of alcoholic beverages, which are known to weaken arterial walls.
But there are pharmacological medications for blood pressure. Some of these medications are discussed below:
1. Calcium channel blockers: Calcium channel blockers are drugs that help prevent the constriction of blood vessels through impeding the entrance of calcium into the body’s cells. Calcium is known to be a trigger for high blood pressure.
2. Diuretics: Sodium can lead to hypertension because it helps retain fluids such as fats in the blood, thereby congesting the blood vessels and putting excess pressure on the arterial walls. Diuretics are one of the medications for blood pressure than help in the flushing out of excess sodium so that the blood pathways are not choked by extra fluids.
3. ARBs or angiotensin receptor blockers: ARBs are drugs that reduces the risk of high blood pressure by impeding the upshots of angiotensin II on the body’s cells. Angiotensin II is a chemical known to have a constricting effect on the blood vessels, in other words, it makes it more narrow as to make blood difficult to pass thorugh.
4. Alpha-blockers and Beta-blockers: Alpha-blockers are substances that keep the blood vessels open to ensure that unnecessary constrictions are prevented, while beta-blockers are drugs that block the effects of the hormone adrenaline.
5. ACE inhibitors or Angiotensin Converting Enzymes: Another kind of medications for blood pressure is the ACE inhibitors or Angiotensin Converting Enzymes. ACE inhibitors constrains the blood vessels from tightening. This is done by lowering the amount of angiotensin II produced by the body.